Part I, The True Christ in Prophecy and Fulfilled Scripture; Part II, "Hanukkah and the Anti-Christ", with Part III by Ronald Ginther, "Characteristics of the Anti-Christ, Based on Forerunners"

The following "Resume" for the true Christ is well worth review, for then we can see all more clearly how the Anti-Christ will be the countefeit, the deceptive copy of the true Christ, Jesus the Messiah, and who will offer the world peace and prosperity through his dictatorial and blasphemous rule. Who will he be? Time will tell. But we can know the signs, we can know some of his characteristics. But first the review of the true Christ, Jesus:

No. 1: The Christ, or "The Anointed One," the Lord and Savior of the Gentles, also the Messiah and King of the Jews is given many, many names in scripture--please refer to "Names of Yeshua" in the link below. This Christ-Savior-Messiah-King must be the "seed of woman" that would "bruise" or "crush" the serpent's "head." Old Testament prophecy: Genesis 3:15. New Testament fulfillment: (will be recorded later)

No. 2: The Christ must be the "seed of Abraham. Old Testament prophecy: Genesis 12:3. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 1:1; Acts 3:25; Galatians 3:16

No. 3: The Christ must be the "seed of Isaac." Old Testament prophecy: Genesis 17:19; 21:12 New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 1:2, Luke 3:34, Hebrews 11:17-19

No. 4: The Christ must be the "seed of Jacob" and the "star of Jacob" and will "have dominion". Old Testament prophecy: Genesis 28:14, Numbers 24:17,19. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 1:2, Luke 3:34, Revelation 22:16

No. 5: The Christ must be a descendant of Judah. Old Testament prophecy: Genesis 49:10. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 1:2-3, Luke 3:33, Hebrews 7:14

No. 6: The Christ must be a descendant of David and heir to his throne. New Testament prophecy: 2 Samuel 7:12-13, Isaiah 9: 6(7), 11:1-5, Jeremiah 23:5. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 1:1,6, Acts 13:23, Romans 1:4

No. 7: The Christ must have eternal existence. Old Testament prophecy: Micah 5:1(2). New Testament Fulfillment: John 11, 14, 8:58, Ephesians 1:3-14, Colossians 1:15-19, Revelation 1:18.

No. 8: The Christ must be the Son of God. Old Testament prophecy: Psalm 2:7, Proverbs 30:4. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 3:17, Luke 1:32

No. 9: The Christ must have God's own name applied to him. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 9:5-6(6-7), Jeremiah 23:5-6. New Testament Fulfillment: Romans 10:9, Philippians 2:9-11

No. 10: The Christ must come at a specific time, namely, 69 X 7 years (483 years) after the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem. Old Testament prophecy: Daniel 9:24-26. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 2:1, 16, 19, Luke 3:11, 23

No. 11: The Christ must be born in Bethlehem in Judah. Old Testament prophecy: Micah 5:1(2). New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 2:1, Luke 2:4-7.

No. 12: The Christ must be born of a virgin. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 7:14. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 1:18-2:1, Luke 1:26-35

No. 13: The Christ must be adored by great persons. Old Testament prophecy: Psalm 72:10-11. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 2:1-11

No. 14: The Christ must be preceded by one who would announce Him. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 40:3-5, Malachi. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 3:1-3; Luke 1:17, 3:2-6

No. 15: The Christ must be anointed with the Spirit of God. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 1:2, 61:1, Psalm 45:8(7). New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 3:16, John 3:34, Acts 10:38

No. 16: The Christ must be a prophet like Moses. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 61:1-2. New Testament Fulfillment: Luke 4:18-19

No. 18: The Christ must have a ministry in Galilee. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 8:23-9:1, 2. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 4:12-16

No. 19: The Christ must be tender and compassionate. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 40:11, 42:3. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 12:15, 20, Hebrews 4:15

No. 20: The Christ must be meek and unostentatious. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 42:2. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 12:15, 16, 19

No. 21: The Christ must be sinless and without guile. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 53:9. New Testament Fulfillment: I Peter 2:22

No. 22: The Christ must bear the reproaches due others. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 53:12, Psalm 69:10. New Testament Fulfillment: Romans 15:3

No. 23: The Christ must be a priest. Old Testament prophecy: Psalm 110:4. New Testament Fulfillment: Hebrews 5:5-6, 6:20, 7:15-17

No. 24: The Christ must enter publicly into Jerusalem on a donkey. Old Testament prophecy: Zechariah 9:9. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11

No. 25: The Christ must enter the Temple with authority. Old Testament prophecy: Haggai 2:7-9, Malachi 3:1. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 21:12-24:1, Luke 2:27-38, 49-50, John 2: 13:22

No. 26: The Christ must be hated without cause. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 49:7, Psalm 69:5(4). New Testament Fulfillment: John 15:24-25

No. 28: The Christ must be rejected by the leadership. Old Testament prophecy: Psalm 118:22. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 21:42, John 7:48

No. 29: The Christ must be plotted against by Jews and Gentiles together. Old Testament prophecy: Psalm 2:1-2. New Testament Fulfillment: Acts 4:27

No. 30: The Christ must be betrayed by a friend. Old Testament prophecy: Psalm 4:9, 55:13-15(12-14). Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 26:21-25, 47-50, John 13:18-21, Acts 1:16-18

No. 31: The Christ must be sold for 30 pieces of silver. Old Testament prophecy: Zechariah 11:12. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 26:15

No. 32: The Christ must have his price given for a potter's field. Old Testament prophecy: Zechariah 11:13. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 27:7

No. 33: The Christ must be forsaken by his disciples. Old Testament prophecy: Zechariah 13:7. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 26:31, 56

No. 34: The Christ must be struck on the cheek. Old Testament prophecy: Micah 4:14(5:1). New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 27:30

No. 35: The Christ must be spat on. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 50:6. Old Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 26:67, 27-30

No. 37: The Christ must be beaten. Old Testament Prophecy: Isaiah 50:6. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 26:67, 27:26, 30

No. 38: The Christ must be executed by crucifixion, having his hands and feet pierced. Old Testament Prophecy: Psalm 22:17(16), Zechariah 12:10. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 27:35, Luke 24:39, John 19:18, 34-37, 20:20-28

No. 39: The Christ must be thirsty during his execution. Old Testament Prophecy: Psalm 22:16(15). New Testament Fulfillment: John 19:38

No. 40: The Christ must be given vinegar to quench that thirst. Old Testament Prophecy: Psalm 69:22(21). New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 27:34

No. 41: The Christ must be executed without a bone broken. Old Testament prophecy: Exodus 12:46, Psalm 34:21(20). New Testament Fulfillment: John 19:3-36

No. 42: The Christ must be considered a transgressor. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 53:12. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 27:38

No. 43: The Christ must be considered "cut off, but not for himself." Old Testament prophecy: Daniel 9:24-26. New Testament Fulfillment: Romans 5:16, I Peter 3:18

No. 44: The Christ must be the one whose death would atone for sins of mankind. Old Testament: Isaiah 53:5-7, 12. New Testament Fulfillment: Mark 10:45, John 1:29, 3:16, Acts 8:30-35

No. 45: The Christ must be buried with the rich when dead. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 53:9. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 27:57-60

No. 46: The Christ must be raised from the dead. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 53:9-10, Psalms 2:7, 16:10. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 28:1-20, Acts 2:23-36, 13:33-37, I Corinthians 15:4-8

No. 47: The Christ must ascend to the right hand of God. Old Testament prophecy: Psalms 16:11, 68:19(18), 110:1. New Testament Fulfillment: Luke 24:51, Acts 1:9-11

No. 48: The Christ must exercise his priestly office in heaven. Old Testament prophecy: Zechariah 6:13. New Testament Fulfillment: Romans 8:34, Hebrews 7:25-8:2

No. 49: The Christ must be the cornerstone of God's Messianic community. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 28:16, Psalm 118:22-23. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 21:42, Ephesians 2:20, I Peter 2:5-7

No. 50: The Christ must be accepted by the Gentiles. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 11:10, 42:1-4, 49:1-12. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 12:21, Romans 15:10

No. 51: The Christ must be sought after by Gentiles as well as Jews. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 11:10, 42:1-4, 49:1-12. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 12:21, Romans 15:10

No. 52: The Christ must be accepted by the Gentiles. Old Testament prophecy: Isaiah 11:10, 42:1-4, 49:1-12. New Testament Fulfillment: Matthew 12:21, Romans 15:10

Part II: The Anti-Christ, as portrayed in Hanukkah, the Jewish Festival:

Excerpt taken from "Israel's Holy Days: In Type and Prophecy, by Daniel Fuchs, Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune, New Jersey, 1985, pages 88-95

"Then a mighty king will appear, who will rule with great power, and do as he pleases. After he has appeared, his empire will be broken up and parceled out toward the four winds of heaven. It will not go to his descendants, nor will it have the power he exercised, because his empire will be uprooted and given to others" (Daniel 11: 3-4)

Note how accurately each detail of this remarkable prophecy was literally fulfilled. "A mighty king will appear." This was Alexander the Great. He "will rule with great power." A legend states that Alexander wept because he had no more worlds to conquer. He will "do as he pleases." Twice Darius offered to negotiate a very favorable treaty, but Alexander did not want negotiations; he demanded victory. "After he has appeared, his empire will be broken up and parceled out toward the four winds of heaven." When Alexander died at the age of thirty-three, his generals divided the kingdom among themselves: Ptolemy ruled Egypt in the South; Seleucus's empire extended east beyond Babylon; Lysimachus ruled what is now Turkey, in the north; and Cassander ruled Greece in the West. In describing this division, we have used Israel as the hub. "It will not go to his descendants" and "will be given to others." Alexander had children, but they did not inherit the empire; as noted above, his generals divided it among themselves.

Alexander conquered the world. But he was not only a general; he was a zealous and brilliant apostle of a new religion, Hellenism. He was completely convinced that the Greek religion, Greek philosophy, and Greek culture were the only way of life. He was the "Apostle Paul" of Hellenism. Alexander died, but his religion still florishes today.

Ancient Israel was a frontier province between Europe, Asia, and Africa. On its Maritime Plain the armies of the nations maneuvered. In its hills and mountains, a people lived who believed in the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Hellenism and Judaism had to meet head on. Hanukkah is the story of that struggle and confrontation.

We have noted with what intricate detail Daniel, chapter 13, describes Alexander and his kingdom. That detail continues throughout the chapter as the prophet notes the course of history until finally, a century and half later, a wicked despot is described as "a contemptible person who has not been given the honor of royalty" (Daniel 11:21).

This contemptible person was Antiochus Epiphanes. Much of the same "prophetic history" in Daniel 11 is also forecast in Daniel 8:11-14, describing him as follows:

"It set itself up to be as great as the Prince of the host, it took away the daily sacrifice from Him, and the place of His sanctuary was brought low. Because of rebellion, the host of the saints and the daily sacrifice were given over to it. It prospered in everything it did, and truth was thrown to the ground. Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to him, "How long will it take for the vision to be fulfilled, the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, the rebellion that causes desolation, and the surrender of the sanctuary and of the host that will be trampled underfoot?" He said to me, "It will take 2,3000 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be reconsecrated."

The story of Hanukkah is the history of the "2,300 evenings and mornings" until the sanctuary was reconsecrated! We have observed that the Greeks were passionate missionaries who tried to convert the whole world to Greek religion and philosophy. In Israel, the scribes and priests soon saw that they had a rival party, the more liberal Hellenistic Jews. it was not long before Juidea became Hellenistic in all phases of its political, social, and religious life. This was the situation when Antiochus Epiphanes deliberately attempted to destroy Judaism by brute force.

When Antiochus was crowned king, the high priest was Onias III, the leader of the old Orthodox party in Judea. The head of the Hellenist party was Onias's brother, Jason. Jason promised Antiochus huge amounts of money to purchase the office of high priest. he said he would then erect a temple to Phallus [the pagan Greek god of male virility represented by the male organ] in Jerusalem, together with a gymnasium. He also promised to enroll the inhabitants of Jerusalem as citizens of Antioch.

Antiochus gladly agreed to everything. Onias was deposed. Jason was appointed as high priest, and the "final solution" was begun. A gymnasium was erected outside the castle; the youths of Jerusalem nakedly performed gymnastics in the sight of the Temple. Priests left their service at the altar to take part in the games. Many Jewish youths surgically removed the traces of circumcision from their bodies. With characteristic liberality, the high priest Jason sent a contribution to the sacrifices in honor of Heracles at the quadrennial festivities in Tyre.

Antiochus felt that the time was ripe to undertake the total eradication of the Jewish religion.

He gave himself the surname "Epiphanes," which means "the visible god"; in other words, he and Jupiter were to be considered identical. Worse still, he acted as though that was really the case, with the result that the people began to call him "Epimanes," "the madman."

Antiochus had a fixation about the Sabbath and circumcision, so both were forbidden under the penalty of death. Altars to Greek gods were built in all cities of Judea, and pagan sacrifices were offered to them. Once every month searches of homes were instituted. If the officers found a copy of the Scriptures or a youth who had been circumcised, the whole family was slain.

The Abomination of Desolation

In Jerusalem on the fifteenth of Kislev, 168 B.C., Antiochus violated the holy of holies by erecting a pagan altar on the great altar of burnt offerings. Finally, on the twenty-fifth of Kislev, as Solomon Grayzel [in A HISTORY OF THE JEWS, p. 54] describes:

"In the Temple above the altar was placed a statue of Jupiter [pagan chief god in the Greek and Roman hierarchy and pantheon of gods and goddesses] bearing an obvious resemblance to Antiochus. Over such a Temple, Menelaus (who supplanted Jason by a larger bribe) consented to remain as high priest. To that statue was brought as sacrifices the animal most detested by the Jews, the pig. An abominable act had been perpetrated on the twenty-fifth day of Kislev in the year 165 B.C.E. and, to use the descriptive expression of the book of Maccabees, it left the Jewish people desolate."

We see in Antiochus Epiphanes, who placed a statue of Jupiter bearing an obvious resemblance to himself "in the Temple above the altar," a prototype of the coming "man of lawlessness...[who] sets himself up in God's temple, proclaiming himself to be God" (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4).

Daniel prophesied of him: "His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolate" (Daniel 11:31)

It looked as if the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob was crushed in defeat [same as now when secularism, apostate Christianity, and Islam are allied to silence evangelical voices and the Gospel in Western society!]

But eighteen hundred years previous to that, God had promised Abraham that "all peoples on earth will be blessed through you" (Genesis 12:3), and four hundred years previous to this time, God had said, "It will take 2,300 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be reconsecrated (Daniel 8:14).

In the town of Modin, a Syrian officer set up a statue of Jupiter and ordered an aged priest named Mattathias to sacrifice a pig on the altar. The priest refused, and when a renegade stepped forward to sacrifice the pig, Mattathias slew him and the Syrian officer and fled to the mountains with his family. Other brave Jews joined him, and resistance grew into a revolution. Antiochus was stunned and sent his ablest general Lysias, to crush the revolt. It looked as if the Jews would be annihilated. Even the faithful were beginning to doubt.

In the Jerusalem hills the Jews prayed, and one of the priests read the book of Daniel. Professor H. Graetz, the prince of Jewish historieans, writes as follows:

The book of Daniel half conceals and half reveals, in a sort of allegory, the destruction of the wicked Syrian Empire, which was the heir to former kingdoms. It foretells that the fourth kingdom on earth, following that of the Babylonians, the Medo-Persians and the Macedonians, would utter foolish words against the Almighty, seek to ddestroy the pious and to turn them away from the festivals and the laws. The pious would fall into its clutches for a 'time, two times, and half a time.' Then dominion would pass into the hands of the people of the Holy One for ever, and all knees would bow down to Him,. In another vision he saw the fourth Syrian Empire extending far away to the south, to the east and to the north, rising to the heavens, and casting down stars unto the earth, and crushing them. It would exalt itself over the King of heavenly hosts, it would abolish the daily sacrifice, and set up an idol in the sanctuary. To the question: 'How long shall be the vision concerning the continual burnt-offering and the transgression that maketh desolate, to give up both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? (Daniel 8:13) a voice answered: Unto two thousand and three hundred evenings and mornings; when the sanctuary shall be justified (verse 14).

The book of Daniel with its mystical revelations, was undoubtedly read with great interest by the Assidaeans. The apocalyptic form, which gave each line a pecular meaning, and reflected the present conditions, lent it a great attraction. Moreover, it solved the problem of the present calamities, and showed the object of the horrible persecutions; these were intended, on the one hand, to destroy sin, and on the other hand, to ennoble believers. It was evident that the duration of the period of affliction had been determined from the beginning, and that this very duration, took had a secret meaning. The worldly kingdoms would disappear, and at the end time, God's kingdom, the kingdom of the holy ones, would commence, and those who had died or been slain during the persecutions would awake to eternal life. Thus, though no prophet arose, still there existed a prophecy for the present time."

Although we disagree with Professor Graetz on details such as the identity of the fourth empire, he has remarkable insight into the scriptures.

The prophetic Scriptures had their comforting and motivating effect. The Syrian host expected to annihilate the Jews [just as the present anti-Christ forces expect to annihilate the evangelicals and the Gospel and the Bible in Western society] but they themselves were annihilated at Emmaus. The road to Jerusalem and the Temple was open. The Temple was cleansed, and the God of Israel was once again worshiped. Beginning with the twenty-fifth day of Kislev, the Jews now observe their eight-day Feast of Dedication, also known as Hanukkah or the Feast of Lights.

Antiochus began his persecution of the Jews in 171 B.C., and it was twenty-three-hundred days later in December of 165 B.C. that the Temple was cleansed. The Jewish nation was NOT destroyed, and one hundred seventy years later "there were shepherds living out in the fields nearby, keeping watch over their flocks at night. An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. But the angel said to them, 'Do not be afraid. I bring you good news of great joy that will be to all the people. Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; He is Christ the Lord'" (Luke 2:8-11)

The "centuries of silence" were over. God, who had in times past spoken to our fathers by the prophets, now spoke by His Son.

The Hanukkah of the Future

Just before the earthly ministry of our Lord, Herod the Great repaired and bebuilt the same Temple that had been cleansed on the first Hanukkah. Herod's temple became one of history's most magnificent structures. Then, the week preceding our Lord's death,

"Jesus left the temple and was walking away when His disciples came up to Him to call His attention to its buildings. 'Do you see all these things?' He asked. 'I tell you the truth, not one stone here will be left on another; every one will be thrown down.' As Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately. 'Tell us,' they said, 'when will this happen, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?" (Matthew 24:1-3)

In the verses immediately following the discussion with His disciples, Jesus answered the question, "What will be the sign of Your coming and of the end of the age?" He told them that some of these signs would be wars, international unrest, famines, pestilences, and false messiahs [which are appearing not just in the churches but in the political arena, masquerading oftentimes as Christians!]. These are general signs. There have been few, if any, generations that have not experience them to some degree. But there is one specific sign that identifies the end of the age. "So when you see standing, in the holy place 'the abomination that causes desolation,' spoken of through the prophet Daniel--let the reader understand--then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains" (Matthew 24:15-16).

Our Lord told His disciples that there is to be a Hanukkah of the future. The Hanukkah that our Jewish neighbors celebrate commemorates the cleansing of the Temple after it had been defiled by Antiochus Epiphanes in 168 B.C. That defilement was so great that it is described by the most disgusting phrase in the Scriptures, "the abomination that causes desolation."

The Hebrew word for abomination is "shiqquts," meaning "filthy."

"When Daniel undertook to specify an abomination so surpassingly disgusting to the sense of of morality and decency, and so aggressively against everything that was godly as to drive all from its presence and leave its abode desolate, he chose this as the strongest among several synonyms, adding the qualification, 'that maketh desolate.'" (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, vol. 1, p. 16)

Our Lord told His disciples that there is to be a Hanukkah of the future. He says that one will arise who is another Antiochus Ephiphanes, the man of sin, or beast (2 Thessalonianis 2:3-8). Just as there was a falling away and Antiochus was a type of the "man of lawlessness" who was to be revealed, so there will be one who "opposes and exalts himself over everything that is called God or is worshiped, and even sets himself up in God's temple, proclaining himself to be God (2 Thessalonians 2:4).

It will be the return of our Lord in glory that will result in the overthrow of the man of lawlessness and the establishment of the millennial kingdom. "he who testifies to these things says, 'Yes, I am coming soon.' Amen. Come, Lord Jesus" (Revelation 22:20).

Note: All bracketed comments in the text of "Hanukkah and the Anti-Christ" (which is the Chapter, "Hanukkah," in ISRAEL'S HOLY DAYS, are our own from the Emmaus Walk. Also, it is evident to us from the wonderful, clear discussion of historical anti-Christs or forerunners of the Anti-Christ by Daniel Fuchs, that the spirit of lawlessness, which "opposes and exalts himself over everything that is called God or is worshiped, and even sets himself up in God's temple, proclaiming himself to be God," has been fulfilled, even from the time of the Apostle John, who wrote that the spirit of anti-Christ was already in the world, and there were already anti-christs operating. Our contemporary spirit of lawlessness and anti-christ, indeed, is strong and even riding to apparent victory in Western society, as evidenced with the successes everywhere of secularism, atheism, and the radical programs of the Left to eradicate Christianithy from the public sphere and also silence the preaching of the full Gospel and the Bible by enacting so-callled Hate Crime legislation and other legalized acts of Congress and state legislatures, as well as the rulings of courts and the executive decrees of the U.S. president, against Christian beliefs, Christian doctrines, and other Judaeo-Christian elements (the cross, the Ten Commandments, Nativity Scenes, and so on). In other words, Antiochus Ephiphanes is again in the ascendant!



"Some Characteristics of the Anti-Christ, as Evidenced in Forerunners," by Ronald Ginther

The Forerunners are Alexander the Great, Antiochus Epiphanes, the Roman Caesars, Napoleon, Hitler, and others of their ilk

1. megalomania--compulsion to tyrannize over others

2. delusions of grandeur

3. antagonism toward authority other than his own

4. overweening pride, or arrogance

5. self-centeredness and egoism to the extreme

6. amorality, expediency is everything to him

7. self-aggrandizing/adulatory visions

8. extraordinary energy, mental and physical

9. unrestrained cupidity (excessively acquisitive, materially, whether things, or people, or nations)

10. extraordinary will-power

11. reduced life expectancy (psychosomatic illnesses)

12. selfish cunning as contrasted with his altruistic genius

13. surreptitiousness, furtiveness (no transparency), always a mystery to others, an unknown despite high visibility

14. mental myopia, inability to learn from negative examples or experiences

15. ruthlessness and brutality (human life is less than cheap, one life or a million, it is all statistics to him)

16. dispassion, indifference to suffering of others, resulting from his own acts

17. conscienceless lack of shame after perpetrating foul, inhuman, and outright evil deeds

18. uncontrolled fits of rage

19. intolerance toward other points of view, particularly when they cross or question his views or positions or programs

implacable hatred or hostility toward any opposition

20. contempt for anyone or anything regarded as inferior to him

21. seeming invincibility and immortality

22. no sense of humor, that is, he cannot laugh at himself and see himself as less than his exalted public image

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